CDC Releases Updated Guidelines on Sexually Transmitted Infections

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released updated sexually transmitted infections treatment guidelines as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis cases continue to increase. These guidelines provide current evidence-based diagnostic, management, and treatment recommendations, and serve as a source of clinical guidance for managing sexually transmitted infections.

Notable updates to the previous 2015 guidance include:
• Updated treatment recommendations for chlamydia, trichomoniasis, and pelvic inflammatory disease.
• Updated treatment recommendations for uncomplicated gonorrhea in neonates, children, and other specific clinical situations (e.g., proctitis, epididymitis, sexual assault).
• Information on FDA-cleared diagnostic tests for Mycoplasma genitalium and rectal and pharyngeal chlamydia and gonorrhea.
• Expanded risk factors for syphilis testing among pregnant women.
• Recommended two-step serologic testing for diagnosing genital herpes simplex virus.
• Aligned recommendations for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination with the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices.
• Recommended universal hepatitis C testing in alignment with CDC’s 2020 hepatitis C testing recommendations.

Reference: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Vol. 70, No. 29. July 23, 2021.