Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) is commonly associated with outcomes like recurrence and readmission. The effect of social determinants of health, such as ‘neighborhood’ socioeconomic disadvantage, on a CDI patient’s health outcomes is unclear. Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood could interfere with a CDI patient’s ability to follow post-discharge care recommendations and the success probability of these recommendations, thereby increasing risk of readmission. Scaria, et al. (2020) hypothesized that neighborhood disadvantage was associated with 30-day readmission risk in Medicare patients with CDI.
In this retrospective cohort study, odds of 30-day readmission for CDI patients were evaluated controlling for patient socio-demographics, comorbidities, and hospital and stay-level variables. The cohort was created from a random 20% national sample of Medicare patients during the first 11 months of 2014.
From the cohort of 19,490 patients (39% male; 80% white; 83% 65 years or older), 22% were readmitted within 30 days of an index stay. Unadjusted analyses showed that patients from the most disadvantaged neighborhoods were readmitted at a higher rate than those from less disadvantaged neighborhoods (26% vs. 21% rate: unadjusted OR = 1.32 [1.20, 1.45]). This relationship held in adjusted analyses, in which residence in the most disadvantaged neighborhoods was associated with 16% increased odds of readmission (adjusted OR = 1.16 [1.04, 1.28]).Residence in disadvantaged neighborhoods poses a significantly increased risk of readmission in CDI patients. Further research should focus on in-depth assessments of this population to better understand the mechanisms underlying these risks and if these findings apply to other infectious diseases.
Reference: Scaria E, et al. Neighborhood disadvantage and 30-day readmission risk following Clostridioides difficile infection hospitalization. BMC Infectious Diseases Vol. 20, No. 762. 2020.