The World Health Organization (WHO) developed the Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as a priority because of the increasing threat posed to human health, animal health and agriculture. Countries around the world have been encouraged to develop their own National Action Plans (NAPs) to help combat AMR. The objective of this review by Willemsen, et al. (2022) was to assess the content of the NAPs and determine alignment with the Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance using a policy analysis approach.
National Action Plans were accessed from the WHO Library and systematically analyzed using a policy analysis approach for actors, process, context and content. Information was assessed using a ‘traffic light’ system to determine agreeance with the five WHO Global Action Plans objectives.
A total of 78 NAPs (70 WHO approved, eight not approved) from the five global regions were analyzed. National action plans which provided more information regarding the consultative process and the current situation regarding AMR allowed greater insight to capabilities of the country. Despite the availability of guidelines to inform the development of the plans, there were many differences between plans with the content of information provided. High-income countries indicated greater progression with objectives achievement while low and middle-income countries presented the need for human and financial resources.
The national action plans provide an overview of activities underway to combat AMR globally. This analysis reveals how disconnected the process has been and how little information is being gathered globally.
Reference: Willemsen A, et al. A review of national action plans on antimicrobial resistance: strengths and weaknesses. Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control. Vol. 11, article number 90 (2022).